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自上料搅拌车在不同的阶段如何保养?

来源:http://www.jfhntjbj.com/ 日期:2020-09-23 发布人:guanli 浏览:
TAG:自动搅拌车,自动上料搅拌车,搅拌一体车
概述:自上料搅拌车是用来运输混凝土的,为了延长其使用寿命,创造更多的利益,需要我们时刻注意保养,避免因保养不当而引发事故,造成利益损失,混凝土搅拌车的保养分为五个阶段,今天自上
自上料搅拌车是用来运输混凝土的,为了延长其使用寿命,创造更多的利益,需要我们时刻注意保养,避免因保养不当而引发事故,造成利益损失,混凝土搅拌车的保养分为五个阶段,今天自上料搅拌车工程师告诉你自上料搅拌车在不同阶段应如何保养,需要注意些什么?
Since the loading mixer is used to transport concrete, in order to extend its service life and create more benefits, we need to pay attention to maintenance at all times to avoid accidents caused by improper maintenance and cause loss of benefits. The maintenance of concrete mixer is divided into five stages. Today, the engineer of the loading mixer tells you how to maintain the mixer from loading at different stages, and attention should be paid to it What?
一、自上料搅拌车出车前
1、 From the front of the loading mixer
1、检查、发现问题排除故障
1. Check and find out the problems and solve the problems
搅拌车害怕在路上罐子不转,混凝土一般停罐不能超过2个小时,C40以上级别的混凝土在路上罐子就不能停。
The mixer is afraid that the tank will not turn on the road, and the concrete can not be stopped for more than 2 hours. The concrete of C40 or above can not be stopped on the road.
车子启动后,先让罐子低速旋转,围绕着车检查轮胎气压,看是否有漏气的胎,检查是否有石子、铁钉之类扎在胎里,及时清理干净。
After the car starts, let the jar rotate at a low speed, check the tire pressure around the car, see if there is any air leaking tire, check whether there are stones, nails and other binding in the tire, and clean it up in time.
检查侧灯务必保证照着轮胎边缘,因为工地会经常乱堆放钢筋之类杂物,而胎侧是薄弱的。
Check the side lights to ensure that they are on the edge of the tire, because the construction site will often pile up the steel bars and other sundries, and the sidewall is weak.
2、保证水箱里有足够的水,有减水剂
2. Ensure that there is enough water in the water tank and water reducing agent
因各种原因料太干,没有水添加放不出料的时候,减水剂就是救命稻草了,可以保证混凝土的流动性。
Because of various reasons, the material is too dry, when there is no water to add and can not put out the material, water reducing agent is the lifesaving straw, which can ensure the fluidity of concrete.

3、确认搅拌罐处于停止状态
3. Confirm the mixing tank is in a stop state
因为发动机启动时万一罐子处于高速旋转状态,瞬间的力会很大的,伤减速机和泵马达系统。
Because when the engine starts, if the jar is in high speed rotation state, the instantaneous force will be very big, which will damage the reducer and pump motor system.
4、检查特别注意事项
4. Special precautions for inspection
减速机齿轮油,液压系统(马达、油泵、散热器)的油首次工作100小时更换,以后每1000小时更换(每年至少更换1次)。散热器、传动轴、滚道、拖轮、主槽转轴、操纵杆每月加注一次黄油。
Gear oil of reducer, oil of hydraulic system (motor, oil pump, radiator) shall be replaced for the first time for 100 hours, and then every 1000 hours (at least once a year). The radiator, drive shaft, raceway, tug, main groove shaft and control lever are filled with grease once a month.
二、混凝土搅拌车装料中
2、 In the loading of concrete mixer
1、装料前应先将搅拌筒反转
1. Before loading, the mixing drum shall be reversed
车辆头班运行时尽可能先反转,因大多是露天停放,罐里可能会有积水、树叶等杂物,如不排出将影响混凝土质量。
When the vehicle head shift is running, it is necessary to reverse the rotation as much as possible, because most of them are parked in the open air, and there may be water, leaves and other sundries in the tank. If not discharged, the concrete quality will be affected.
2、装完料要记得冲洗进料斗
2. When loading, remember to flush the hopper
要不然装料时散落的小石子容易凝固在接料斗内外和溜槽上,影响使用和美观。
Otherwise, the scattered stones will be easy to solidify inside and outside the receiving hopper and chute, which will affect the use and beauty.
三、自上料搅拌车运输中
3、 From the loading mixer in transportation
1、拐弯的时候一定要慢
1. You must be slow when you turn
搅拌车重心高,易侧翻!入弯之前提前减速减挡,尽量别拐弯的时候踩刹车。随时通过后视镜注意观察罐子是否在转,把转速尽量调慢,转速过高,车辆容易摆动。
The mixer has high center of gravity and easy to roll over! Before turning, slow down and reduce gear ahead of time. Try not to press the brake when turning. Observe whether the can is rotating at any time through the rear-view mirror. Slow the speed as far as possible, and the speed is too high, and the vehicle is easy to swing.
2、不好的路面低速挡通过
2. Bad road passing through at low speed
遇到路面不平、坑坑洼洼地方用合适的低速挡通过,保证车子的动力充沛。遇到大坑,石头,钢筋,铁块尽量避让,尤其重车。
When encountering uneven road and potholes, use appropriate low speed to block through, so as to ensure the car is full of power. When encountering big pits, stones, steel bars and iron blocks, try to avoid them, especially heavy cars.
3、上坡提前减档
3. Downshift ahead of time on the uphill
如果拉得满的话,注意起步要平缓,上坡更要注意,不能乱减挡,提前减挡。同时,加快罐子的转速,已免混凝土流出。
If the pull is full, pay attention to the slow start, and pay more attention to the uphill. Do not reduce gears in disorder and reduce gears in advance. Meanwhile, the speed of the tank is accelerated, and the concrete outflow is avoided.
4、下坡切勿重车空挡滑行
4. Do not slide in neutral when downhill
长时间行驶或者下坡前都要挂入合适档位行驶。切勿重车空挡滑行下坡。下坡拐弯时提前减速然后再减挡再减速,带挡刹车效果好。
Drive in a suitable gear before driving for a long time or before going down the slope. Do not slide down the slope in heavy neutral. When the downhill turns, slow down ahead of time, then reduce the gear and then slow down again. The braking effect with gear is good.
5、一定要注意限高问题
5. Pay attention to the problem of height limit
工地路况复杂,要小心树木等,特别是要防止刮到电线。
The road conditions of the construction site are complex, so care should be taken to trees, etc., especially to prevent the wire from scraping.
混凝土搅拌车针对不同阶段保养的方法详介
Detailed introduction of the maintenance methods of concrete mixer in different stages
四、混凝土搅拌车进工地
4、 Concrete mixer truck entering the site
1、进工地时尽量走路中间
1. Try to walk in the middle of the site
因工地道路简易,路基松软,靠近路边行车容易导致车辆侧翻。
Because the road on the site is simple and the subgrade is soft, driving near the roadside will easily lead to vehicle rollover.
2、提前下车查看倒车线路
2. Get off in advance and check the reverse line
搅拌车晚上工作,到工地后,将车停好,先下车查看倒车路线,有障碍物、有坑或者比较松软的地方,都要避让,遇到钢筋钉子之类的及时清理。
The mixer works at night. After arriving at the construction site, stop the car well. Get off to check the reverse route first. If there are obstacles, pits or soft places, they should be avoided. In case of steel nails, timely cleaning is required.
3、在倒车的时候一定要慢
3. Be slow when backing up
因工地好多路面是挖掘机刚刚铺的比较软,车容易陷。用1档起步(这时候可以把罐子停下,一档大油门时罐子会转得很快,车子会更不稳定),缓慢而匀速的行驶。倒车路线尽量直线,若要反复倒车时,方向盘不要打死或打太过,因为在松软路面容易憋熄火,轰大油门倒出时,车速过快,容易撞到东西。
Because many roads on the site are just laid by excavators, the car is prone to sink. Start in gear 1 (you can stop the jar at this time, when the jar turns very fast in the first gear, the car will be more unstable), and drive slowly and evenly. The reverse route should be as straight as possible. If you want to reverse repeatedly, the steering wheel should not be killed or hit too much, because it is easy to hold off the fire on the soft road. When the big throttle is poured out, the vehicle speed is too fast and it is easy to hit something.
五、自上料搅拌车卸料中
5、 From the unloading of the loading mixer
1、卸料前让搅拌罐全速运转搅拌一两分钟
1. Allow the mixing tank to run at full speed for a minute or two before unloading
让混凝土充分搅拌,必要时可以加一些水,让混凝土搅拌得更均匀,也方便卸料。
Let the concrete be fully mixed, and add some water if necessary to make the concrete mix more evenly and facilitate unloading.
2、卸料不要大意和放料工确定好关系
2. Unloading should not be determined by the discharging worker
放料时自己看着,免得放料工乱操作放料操作杆。每次罐子正反转中间位子时停一下,保护减速机、泵马达等。
When discharging, watch it yourself, so as not to operate the discharge lever randomly. Stop every time the jar is reversing the middle position to protect the reducer, pump motor, etc.
3、搅拌罐一定要仔细冲洗干净
3. The mixing tank must be washed carefully
洗罐子时一定要仔细冲洗干净,并把水反复正反转两次,再放出来。
When washing the jar, it is necessary to wash it carefully, and turn the water back and forth twice before releasing it.
4、别忘了施工单位签字
4. Don't forget the signature of the construction unit
把到工地时间和自己的大名签上,别忘了施工单位签字,否则白干了。
Sign the time to the site and your own name, don't forget the construction unit sign, otherwise it will be dry.

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